Heather is a Senior Research Analyst in the National Security Analysis Department at the John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, a Fellow in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution, and an Associate Research Fellow at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence. Her research interests include the law, policy and ethics of emerging military technologies, such as autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence, robotics and cyber, as well as international security and human rights protection. Dr Roff has published numerous peer-reviewed articles, authored the monograph Global Justice, Kant and the Responsibility to Protect, and written for media outlets. She was a Research Scientist at DeepMind in the Ethics and Society team, a Special Government Expert for the US Department of Defense Defense Innovation Board, as well as a Fellow at the New American Foundation on the National Cybersecurity Initiative and Future of War Project.
Dr Roff holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Colorado Boulder, an M.A. in Political Science from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and a B.A. in Political Science and Classics from the University of Arizona.
How can the international community strengthen the regulatory frameworks when it comes to the ethical use of AI in theatre operations? Should some emerging tech weapons, like strategic nano weapons, be categorized as weapons of massive destruction? How much research and development should be allotted by governments to human augmentation / human-machine teaming?